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代词 — 不定代词
作者:frog  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2010-3-31 15:11:45  文章录入:frog  责任编辑:frog

    表示不指明替代任何特定名词的代词。英语中有以下不定代词:all, each, every, both, either, neither, one, none, little(a little), few(a few), many, much, other, another, some, any, no。还有由some, any, no和every构成的代词。下面就最常用的部分不定代词作比较和说明。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ )5e0f)k[b_f)SO0n]
    1. both是指“两者都”,而all则是指“三者或三者以上都”。例如:[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ kCi}:RsNW1%w`]
    Both of your parents are teachers. 你父母都是老师。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ fVB"#z .\w3q}]
    All of us are going to visit Hainan.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ fu[K 6./lRbb~Nmh]
    但all还可以组成固定短语all day,all this,all the time等。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ EA,[diO6OQ:-f= H1]
    2. either,neither[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ hG hKyq`Lsu]Wk`]
    either是指“两者之中任何一个……”属于部分否定,而neither则是“两者之中一个也不……”属于全部否定。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ G3)R E?y:1y 1 +@]
    Either of you will go. 你两人中任何一人去都可以。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ dGH}3EfUZ=3uShSZ%]
    Neither of the answers is right. 两个答案都不对。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ 4a3 ,H| E^XP[vZ]
    而either还可出现在否定句子里,可与neither进行句型转换。例如:[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ b+H@F`!iI|5";0l*]
    Tom hasn't been to America, Jim hasn't, either.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ SY\MbaE. 'ZVxJF/5Yg]
    →Neither Tom nor Jim has been to America.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ b3&LVk.n /s!\]
    而neither(nor)也可用于表示“也不……”,构成“neither(nor)+表示时态的助动词+主语”的句式。例如:[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ 7{E^ jO3Cxc_*$b}$[k]
    Kate didn't go to the cinema, neither did I.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ s%L[|&E :K= u'Gc]
    3. little(a little),few(a few)都表示一些,a little与little修饰不可数名词,a few,few修饰可数名词。a little,a few是肯定,相当于some,any。little和few是表示否定,“几乎没有”。例如:[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ u)~x?8{?m2Df]
    There is a little milk left in the bottle.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ )X{4zN~ x-q0.|N`np{b]
    There are few students in the classroom, they are on the playground.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ g 8ccZ&drG=r!hwuc]
    4. every, each[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ :H}x; %5n=?eC 4]
    every和each都是强调每一个,every作定语修饰名词。each可作主语、同位语等。例如:[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ : S-zwrBBI~X+C]
    The bus comes every ten minutes.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ m+Xt5H@+,fR:t\+@/]
    Each of us has a new bike.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ -L;@M0(;E4:Gx9te`]
    every常用词组有:every little while,every other day,every now and then等。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ Z'#?dMbLN2a~/c]
    5. some, any[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ Oow`tBUbB+%E7?A%k]
    some, any都表示“一些”,既可以修饰可数名词,又可以修饰不可数名词,some用于肯定句中,any用于疑问句、否定句和条件从句中,但some可以用于疑问句中表示请求、建议、反问等。例如:[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/  |+MUDjcKTK'iX]
    -Would you like some coffee?[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ DKnT}YrzaD 7$0J/m ]
    -No, thanks.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ t&u5h %, s-0yAU]
    6. 由some, any, no, every组成的不定代词[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ E9M47cXDt:cc V]
    some      something   someone    somebody   somewhere[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ t} :~)?MnPX01]
    any       anything    anyone     anybody    anywhere[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ VX)8l[s4%Ol]
    no        nothing     none       nobody     nowhere[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ Y8gt:wf1Kp,0ph]
    every     everything  everyone   everybody  everywhere[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ :Jj8 Xj?{ RSmcn]
    [考向分析][文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ \[M/2Dxwc+J}OV#h;]
    近年来,有关代词的重点考查内容主要有:物主代词、反身代词、不定代词。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ z : &FwQUJ+jb]
    1. 物主代词的考查[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ Ci51FMvik?]
    -Is this bike ________ ?[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ WgV=/N R i:W?]
    -No, mine isn't here. I think it's ________ .[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ "6Xxx=Sc `3TOB]
    A. your; his        B. yours; his [文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ 2PidbG"KygMH( qD]
    C. yours; her       D. your; hers[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ JVUD/^:APP(|GKg4$]
    该题主要考查学生选择使用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词的能力。它们的区别在于后面是否有名词:有名词则用形容性物主代词,没有名词则用名词性物主代词。但his既是形容词性物主代词又是名词性物主代词。本题两空均要填名词性物主代词,故选B。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ hzm) P[^@R Yf?Q]
    2. 反身代词的考查[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ uE#Y}F3]W:=?]
    Please help ________ to some cakes, Tom and Jim.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ n3 Iz~3&=13@=[Y]
    习惯用语help oneself to something表示“随便吃点什么”。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ vHe M^"Jp?OQ dK']
    本题主要考查反身代词的单、复数形式及其用法,由于Tom and Jim是两个人,故填yourselves。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ 7iW2*=EB`hR%5BZhv]
    3. 不定代词的考查[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ 45e$6zM'5pgGj]
    Both the two boys are new here. I don't know ______ of them[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ whT`)LV2*7i#{{]
    A. both             B. all     [文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ -;o,HYQ_frHM=1isYO]
    C. either           D. any[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ OaGQvW|@w9I[t]
    本题考查不定代词。all,any通常用于代替三者或三者以上的人或事物,因本题涉及的人是两个人,所以首先可排除B和D两项。又依据题意,两个男孩应都不认识,故选C。[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ bd-!2/?-^SuFzMR=)]
    I'm sorry I'm late. There is ________ with my bike.[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ w65{xN;%40;yV]
    A. anything wrong   B. something wrong[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ = {jl) B-e&_P%B]
    C. wrong  anything  D. wrong something[文章来自:考试与评价 http://www.trgroup.com.cn/te/ oViMuTcSayf^^A']
    复合不定代词something, anything, nothing等的定语要后置,先排除C、D两项,又因为题目是肯定陈述句,而anything应用于否定句或一般疑问句,故选B。
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